11. ICF- What are Personal Factors?

Continuing on with the ICF, this post looks at what makes up personal factors.  Personal factors are independent of the health condition but can often influence how a person functions.  These factors are specific to social and cultural customs of each country.  While all the other categories have codes, this one does not yet have specific codes.  Generally, personal factors are noted but not always recorded.  Some basic WHO examples are:

  • race  (now often under the term genetic factors)
  • gender
  • age
  • educational level
  • coping styles


Personal Factors in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: Prospective Evidence Sabine L. Grotkamp,1 Wolfgang M. Cibis,2 Elisabeth A.M. Nuchtern,3 Gert von Mittelstaedt,4 and Wolfgang K.F. Seger1 proposes the following categories:  All the proposed elements of this are in the word cloud above.





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