Ivan is always on the move, always running from here to there. He never walks slowly, never slows down. Moving quickly and never standing still can represent difficulty with static balance.
How does a person move? What is the quality? Do they have habitual postures, asymmetrical positions, or particular movement patterns? In this discussion about the ICF, we explore the domain of Posture and Movement (otherwise known as Motor Functions). As discussed in a previous post, this is an addition to the traditional ICF made by the Neuro-Developmental Treatment Association. This domain highlights common postures and themes running through many activities. The category of posture and movement describes how a child looks in their general every-day movement. This domain provides a picture of the child in very few words. For this reason, it is often useful for justifying equipment. If you see changes in this domain at reassessment, you have done an excellent job of shifting the system.
For Ivan in the case above, the common movement pattern (or how) is running around and never standing still. This happens with transitions, with walking and with running. It happens at home, at school and in the park.
- The impairment is most likely decreased balance.
- The activity limitation is most likely 1) lack of ability to stand still on two feet 3 seconds or 2) stand with one foot in front of the other for one second.
- The participation limitation frequent falls while lining up for class
- The Motor Function (Posture and Movement) is constant moving around, never standing still.
Observations that you choose to add to this category depend on your background. I often note the items that are included in the above Wordle. A short sentence describes each movement/posture. Usually, I note anywhere from 3-10 for each child.